An month program for low-income adolescent mothers, delivered by nurse educators and a social worker, that aims to reduce rapid repeat pregnancy and promote healthy birth spacing. For the full sample, the program reduced the rate of repeat pregnancy during the 20 months after random assignment by about half 21 percent of the treatment group became pregnant versus 39 percent of the control group. Based on state birth records obtained for the subsample of mothers ages 18 or 19 at the start of the study, the program reduced the rate of new births during the 30 months after random assignment by about one-third 24 percent of the treatment group gave birth versus 36 percent for the control group. Both effects were statistically significant. The Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy TOPP program was developed by OhioHealth, a large faith-based health system in Columbus, Ohio, and enrolled adolescent mothers from seven outpatient clinics and five hospital postpartum units serving seven counties in Central Ohio. The program, delivered by nurse educators and a social worker over an month period, includes the following recommended components:.
Evidence-Based Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs
Teen Pregnancy Prevention Evidence Review
The U. As of , the teen birth rate This represents a 9 percent drop from Downward trends span all 50 states and all racial and ethnic groups. Yet despite plummeting rates, teen pregnancy and birth rates for teens ages to in the U. Adolescent pregnancy and parenthood are associated with social, health and financial costs to teen parents, families and states. Only about half of teen mothers earn a high school diploma by age 22, compared to 90 percent of women without a teen birth.
Evidence-Based Policies to Prevent Teen Pregnancy
Context: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT youth show higher rates of sexual risk behaviors than heterosexual and cisgender youth; yet, most school-based sexual health education is largely heteronormative and cisnormative and does not recognize the spectrum of sexual and gender identity. Method: Teachers completed an electronic survey to report the number of students reached and an online log to measure curriculum adherence. Students were administered an anonymous item pre- and posttest to measure demographics, sexual health knowledge, and student satisfaction with the curriculum.
Back to EBR Search. The Healthy People evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U. Department of Health and Human Services. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of specific criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does no necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size e.