When treating breast cancer with a mastectomy, the nipple is typically removed along with the rest of the breast. Some women might be able to have a nipple-sparing mastectomy, where the nipple is left in place. This is discussed in more detail on our page about mastectomy. The nipple and areola are usually the final phase of breast reconstruction.
Why These Women Said 'No' to Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy
Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy - National Cancer Institute
Creative artistry and sophisticated microsurgical procedures allow the surgeons at our Center to correct or dramatically improve even the most disappointing outcomes. It is no longer necessary to live with chronic pain or disfigurement from previous procedures. The Center for Restorative Breast Surgery is especially dedicated, and mission driven, to help women who have undergone attempts at breast reconstruction in the recent or distant past and are left with poor outcomes. Common issues seen include scarring, poor mastectomy incision location, size and shape imbalance, implant complications, radiation effects, and previous failed flap surgeries.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Breast reconstruction utilizes several plastic surgery techniques to restore a breast to near normal shape and appearance following mastectomy. If you've decided to have breast reconstruction, you'll still have many things to think about as you and your doctors talk about what type of reconstruction might be best for you. There are many different reconstruction techniques available.
The following is a list of local complications and adverse outcomes that occur in at least 1 percent of breast implant patients at any time. You may need non-surgical treatments or additional surgeries to treat any of these, and you should discuss any complication and necessary treatment with your doctor. These complications are listed alphabetically, not in order of how often they occur.