Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Descargue el resumen y las recomendaciones - Download the summary and recommendations in Spanish. Reader Advisory: This report contains graphic descriptions of traumatic experiences, often affecting children. Intersex people in the United States are subjected to medical practices that can inflict irreversible physical and psychological harm on them starting in infancy, harms that can last throughout their lives.
Female Genital Mutilation and Clitoral Reconstructive Surgery
A Closer Look at Cultural Issues Surrounding Breastfeeding | Lactation Matters
Culture encompasses the set of beliefs, moral values, traditions, language, and laws or rules of behavior held in common by a nation, a community, or other defined group of people. Culturally determined characteristics include: the language spoken at home; religious observances; customs including marriage customs that often accompany religious and other beliefs ; acceptable gender roles and occupations; dietary practices; intellectual, artistic, and leisure-time pursuits; and other aspects of behavior. In the United States , and in other nations with large immigrant populations, there is a wide range of cultural diversity, religious beliefs, customs, and values, reflecting the scattered origins of the people. The "melting-pot" concept of nationality reduces this diversity with successive generations, but considerable variation remains — distinguishing rural from urban, African American from European, East Asian from South Asian, religious believers from secularists. Anthropoligists and epidemiologists have identified many associations between culture, customs, and risks to health.
Fighting Against Breast Ironing in Cameroon
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Female genital mutilation FGM , also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision , [a] is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. Typically carried out by a traditional circumciser using a blade, FGM is conducted from days after birth to puberty and beyond. In half of the countries for which national figures are available, most girls are cut before the age of five. They include removal of the clitoral hood and clitoral glans ; removal of the inner labia ; and removal of the inner and outer labia and closure of the vulva. In this last procedure, known as infibulation , a small hole is left for the passage of urine and menstrual fluid ; the vagina is opened for intercourse and opened further for childbirth.